Brian Holmes is an art and cultural critic, living in Chicago after two decades in Paris. He has a PhD in Romance Languages and Literatures from UC Berkeley, was the English editor of publications for Documenta X in 1997, has worked with art/activist groups such as Ne Pas Plier and Bureau d’Etudes, and has published with art and political science journals in various languages, including Multitudes, Open, Springerin and Brumaría, as well as numerous exhibition catalogues. With Claire Pentecost and the 16 Beaver Group he co-organized the Continental Drift seminars). He is a member of the Compass Group, exploring the Midwest Radical Cultural Corridor and of the Technopolitics group in Vienna. Current projects include the autonomous seminar Three Crises: 30s-70s-Today. Holmes teaches intermittently at the University of Illinois in Chicago and the European Graduate School in Saas-Fe, Switzerland. Recent books include Escape the Overcode: Activist Art in the Control Society (2009) and Unleashing the Collective Phantoms: Essays in Reverse Imagineering (2008). His most recent project is autonomousuniversity.org. Text archive at www.brianholmes.wordpress.com.